Conceptual Framework of Farm Science Centre

  • The Mohan Sinha Mehta Committee laid down three basic concepts of Farm Science Centre
  • The KVK will impart learning through work-experience and hence will be concerned with technical literacy, the acquisition of which does not necessarily require as a pre-condition for the ability to read and write.
  • The KVK will impart training to only those extension workers who are already employed or to the practicing farmers and fishermen. In other words, the KVK will cater to the needs of those who are already employed or those who wish to be self-employed.
  • There will be no uniform syllabus for a KVK. The syllabus and programme of each KVK will be tailored to the felt needs, natural resources and the potential for agricultural growth in that particular area.

Mandates of Farm Science Centre

  • Assessment refinement & Demonstration of technologies/products


  • On-farm testing to identify the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems
  • Organize Frontline Demonstrations to establish production potential of technologies on the farmers’ fields
  • Training of farmers to update their knowledge and skills in modern agricultural technologies
  • Training of extension personnel to orient them in the frontier areas of technology development
  • To work as resource and knowledge centre of agricultural technology for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sector for improving the agricultural economy of the district

Important Components

  • Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) Consisting representation of stakeholders & meeting once in a year to review & priority setting
  • Demonstration Units : Location specific to educate farmers
  • Crop Cafeteria : Providing options to farmers to select from
  • Diagnostic and Advisory Services : Diagnostic & advisory at Farm Science Centre Expert visit to Farmers field
  • Seed, planting material production and other products as technology inputs
  • Revolving fund : Maintenance of account, use for farm related activities
  • Technology backstopping by Agricultural Universities/Research organizations

Major Issues

  • Diverse agro climatic settings
  • Harnessing Human Capital
  • Flagship programmes
  • Visibility, vibrancy & effectiveness of Farm Science Centre
  • Specialization & excellence
  • Agro advisory & agri alert
  • Documentation of innovation, cases & success stories
  • Farmers reach (footprints)- Farm Science Centre outreach
  • Increasing expectations
  • Challenging – coordination & monitoring

Technology Focus

  • food security
  • livestock, poultry & fisheries development
  • resource conservation
  • climate resilience
  • water harvesting
  • quality production
  • post harvest & value addition
  • biodiversity
  • drudgery reduction

Reviews & Monitoring

  • Quinquinnial Review Team
  • Annual National workshop
  • Annual Zonal workshop
  • Mid term review
  • Monthly progress report
  • Quarterly progress report
  • Half yearly progress report
  • Annual progress report
  • SAC meeting
  • Visits
  • Monthly review meeting by host Institutions